According to Doctor Janell Routh a medical officer on the mumps team at the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, there is has been an outbreak of mumps for the past several years. Last year alone, America registered over 6,000 cases of mumps. The number is indeed the highest ever to be recorded in 10 years. The largest and most recent cases were registered in Arkansas where individuals aged between 19 and 22 years were affected. The individuals are said to have been vaccinated against mumps about two times in their childhood. Mumps is a virus that causes the salivary glands that are under the ear and the parotid gland to swell.
Mumps can be transmitted from one person to the other through mucus or salivary. If you share cups with an individual infected by mumps, you are at a higher risk of contracting it. Another mode through which mumps can be transmitted is through coughing and sneezing. Most of the outbreaks to be recorded in the recent days are said to have been reported in college dorms or a team of athletes. A month ago, an outbreak was reported among the men’s and women’s lacrosse team from the Syracuse University. According to Doctor Routh, the communities that live closely together as well as some religious groups are at a higher risk of contracting Mumps. The mumps vaccine is combined with measles and rubella vaccine and is administered to children between one and four years.
Dr. Patricia Quinlisk who works at the Iowa Department of Public Health dealt with the outbreak that was reported at the University of Iowa between 2015 and 2016, where more than 450 cases of mumps were reported. Most of the affected students were said to have received the M.M.R vaccine in their childhood as is required by the university. A decision was after that made to offer a third dose vaccines. By providing the third immunization, the outbreak was substantially contained, and the risk of other students getting Mumps was reduced. Another strategy that was applied to help contain the outbreak of mumps was educating students on the hygienic way of coughing such as coughing into a tissue and allowing for the infected students to be isolated. They were allowed to miss classes while those who needed to use shared bathrooms were provided with masks. Parents should ensure their children are vaccinated three times before enrolling them in college, as a way of guaranteeing them safety.